12 September: Mary’s Name-Day

mary

The Feast of the Most Holy Name of the Blessed Virgin Mary is an optional memorial celebrated in the liturgical calendar of the Catholic Church on 12 September. It has been a universal Roman Rite feast since 1684, when Pope Innocent XI included it in the General Roman Calendar to commemorate the victory at the Battle of Vienna in 1683. It was removed from the Church calendar in the liturgical reform following Vatican II but restored by Pope John Paul II in 2002, along with the Feast of the Holy Name of Jesus.

In Hebrew, the name Mary is “Miryam”. In Aramaic the language spoken in her own time, the form of the name was “Mariam”. Based on the root “merur”, the name signifies “bitterness”. This is reflected in the words of Naomi, who, after losing a husband and two sons lamented, ” “Do not call me Naomi (‘Sweet’). Call me Mara (‘Bitter’), for the Almighty has made my life very bitter.”

Meanings ascribed to Mary’s name by the early Christian writers and perpetuated by the Greek Fathers include: “Bitter Sea,” “Myrrh of the Sea”, “The Enlightened One,” “The Light Giver,” and especially “Star of the Sea.” Stella Maris was by far the favored interpretation. Jerome suggested the name meant “Lady”, based on the Aramaic “mar” meaning “Lord”.

The shadows of twin towers

twin
I was only 15 when the tragedy of the collapse of the twin towers happened. An event that shook everyone. These were the years when the Internet was spreading, the years when PC technology evolved and mobile phones were just accessories to call. A few years after 2001, especially thanks to the advent of the Internet, many conspiracy theories will come out. A theme that America has accustomed us to, especially with the moon-landing.
Few ruins remain of the disaster, but many shadows …

The Pope’s journey to Africa – Two reflections on his pontificate

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POPE in Africa (Madacascar) Photo ANSA

 

In these days the Pope is traveling to Africa.
The program includes visits to three countries: Mozambique, Madagascar and Mauritius. In addition, the Pope will meet young people, authorities and clergy but also AIDS patients and survivors of epidemics. Only another pope had been in Africa: Pope John Paul II in May 1989.

Pope Francis’ journey will last 7 days: from 4 to 10 September!

 

Pontificate

The pontificate of Pope Francis lives all in all with conflicting opinions, although mainly favorable, probably due to his warmer charisma than his predecessor, Pope Benedict XVI.

The problem of immigration, which is at the center of politics due to the serious problems of hospitality that Italy has to face every day, puts the pontificate of Pope Francis in serious difficulty, which since the beginning has always supported maximum acceptance without if and without but. A philosophy that many people certainly don’t like.

Beyond the issue of immigration, there is always the problem of pedophilia, which in spite of everything in recent years has spoken little about it, even if the subject is always alive among the people.
I must say that despite the many problems that exist in Italy, Pope Francis has been able to capture the sympathy of the people, confirming the greatness (and at the same time the humility) of his name more in words than in deeds.

The image of the Pope in Italy is completely different from the one he has abroad. It is obvious that in the Latin American countries the popularity of the Pope is out of the question and when there is a journey the Pope gathers millions of faithful.
In Anglo-Saxon countries instead. the Pope’s popularity is minor. Moreover, most of the scandals or investigations into pedophilia come from the Anglo-Saxon countries.

Although the Pope has brought considerable innovation and openness to the church, some reforms have been harshly criticized. For example, changing – albeit slightly – the prayer of the Our Father, was for many disconcerting.

Surely the opening to the Gay or some sex taboos has benefited the church, but probably not enough. The pontificate of Pope John Paul II seems very far away.

Surely the opening to the Gay or some sex taboos has benefited the church, but probably not enough. The pontificate of Pope John Paul II seems very far away. As a tradition, the church always places itself as a stronghold before social and world evolution, to take the distance from possible drifts.

The humanity of Pope Francis is certainly that of having often come into contact with people. Many will always remember the phone calls he made at the homes of the people, who answered almost incredulously.
Judging a pontificate is very difficult. Each era has its socio-political-economic context.

In addition to the problems mentioned above, there are the perennial problems of the thousands of property units owned by the Vatican, which are largely exempt from taxes, and the remaining Vatican has outstanding debts.

 

The new Italian government formed after the crisis

mattarella&conte
The President Mattarella and The Premier Conte

 

After the government crisis in which Italian Prime Minister Conte resigned, a new government was formed. The M5S, that in the elections of March 4 2019 was the most voted party (35%) but did not reach an absolute majority in order to govern alone, made an alliance with the Democratic party.

For many it was a political betrayal because until a few days before the M5S ruled with the right (Lega). Also for years the M5S and the PD have been insulted, especially after the Bibbiano scandals, which revealed the Democratic Party politicians in criminal cases concerning children.

The truth is that both the M5S and the PD wanted to avoid the elections because the polls gave both parties a sharp decline in favor of the Lega that have double the consensus: from 18% to 36%.

It is difficult to think that this government can last for all legislation because the parties that have joined together have very few things in common. Among the political issues of confrontation, there will almost certainly be immigration, which has been gripping the whole country for decades.

Matteo Salvini, leader of the League, was one of the few in fact to fight against illegal immigration that happens with the boats that land in the ports of the Italian coasts. This policy has led Salvini to have more enemies than friends in Italy and in Europe, where strangely a solidarity policy applies. Italy is objectively the country most penalized in illegal immigration and every year it suffers tens of thousands of landings of irregular migrants.

Despite the fact that Germany is the most hospitable to migrants, Italy is the country that hosts the most irregular immigrants.
In Germany there are precise rules and crossing German borders without documents there are very severe penalties.

Giuseppe Conte was again chosen for the new government, despite the disagreement of some members of the Left (Democratic Party). In fact, Giuseppe Conte held a diplomatic relationship with the rest of Europe during the first year of government (with the League), earning the respect of the EU and also of US President Donald Trump, who recently has expressed sympathy for him in a tweet, wishing him to lead the country.

The Italian markets and exchanges reacted quite well, except for a few days when it was thought that the agreement between the PD and M5S was not successful. Particularly when in a day of consultations among the various parties, Luigi Di Maio, leader of the M5S, raised the tone dictating the conditions of the agreement and making to fear a lacked agreement.

Regarding the government agreement, all members of the five-star movement through the Rousseau platform also expressed their opinion. Voting was definitely in favor of the agreement with 79%. The vote was however criticized by the right-wing parties, including the Lega, because they believe it is unfair that 70000 members of the M5S can decide for millions of Italians.

Although the agreement made with the PD remained the M5S as a traitor to the values ​​of coherence and position, uniting both with the right and then with the left in the same legislature reinforces that it was a workhorse of the movement: not to be right and left but go only against the system. Many dislike the agreement because the movement was born as a party for the protest vote against the corruption of caste and politics.

Early voting was very difficult to do because a government’s 1-year duration is very short, and indeed even the President of the Republic wanted the agreement between the left and the M5S, provided, however, that the parties presented political guidelines to be implemented together.

Best way to Study

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When the character is not yet modeled, studying is never easy! During the high school years it remains difficult to study for anyone, although some have more inclination.

With my years of experience, including university, I can give you some advice!

In high schools almost always the desire to study is lower than that of university years, both because one is a child and because one is forced to study.

The distractions of the study or the factors that can influence our listlessness can be divided into three categories: moral ones (which I will skip here as they are the most difficult to treat), mental ones and physical ones.

The moral factors are due to the sum of capacities, motivations and distractions.

Capabilities are generally refined over time so that you cannot hope to learn the concepts quickly but you have to work on motivations and avoid distractions. Distractions are a very important factor because some help others make our condition worse. Music, for example, often helps us because it helps us to study, if it is not a mnemonic study, in which it is necessary to speak and repeat aloud.
Other distractions like videogames instead are a total perdition because we start with the intent to stay only a few hours in front of the display and then we always postpone the study time. The television instead deceives us that it is always our friend deluding us that it can allow us to study with it when in reality it is not so.The external distractions instead like going out or practicing hobbies must be managed with extreme precision because often they bring us tiredness and they don’t allow us anymore to study as we would like. Needless to say, in fact, that with fatigue it is difficult to study even with the greatest motivations and abilities.

Regarding physical factors, I can say that a healthy body can certainly make more. Sometimes it is even possible to take energizing drinks to keep us spirited up, but not often!

 

Schools start

Senza nome
Scene of Cartoon (ANIME) GTO [Great Teacher Onizuka]
Schools begin like every year … and all (or almost) students would like to be still in full summer… that dream of an endless summer.

After more than a decade that I have finished high school I often have the nightmare of having returned to schools … a constant “dream” in which I believe I have been rejected or be back with my studies.

It is paradoxical but I have no nostalgia for school years … perhaps only for university years where perhaps I regret not having managed the time between study and fun in the best possible way.

I am convinced that this world does not allow us to long regret childhood times, which are only affected by predistination. Our youth is more sacred than any loss of fate. My thinking is very difficult to believe but it is also the best way to take behind – though only a part of it – the past.

The ingenuity and cleanliness of childhood

Pawel Kuczynski - Clothes
2019 Drawing of Pawel Kuczynski

When we are children our minutes flow as if we had an eternity before and as if we were in the pure unconsciousness of our age.

In the 90s and 2000s, virtual entertainment was much cleaner and the TV was like a baby sitter.

Today smartphones create a world in which perdition no longer allows for a clean world and now Do wash your dirty linen in public.

The mother spreads the clothes between the filaments of the system to the extent that cleaning it allows them to be exhibited.

Perhaps for some it does not make sense to criticize the technological evolution that forces us to keep up with the times, but surely a comparison with the past allows us to be more wise.

I miss the 90s and 2000s a bit

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FACE OF TAIL

tail
2019 Drawing of Pawel Kuczynski

This time it remains difficult to extrapolate a reflection, but I try anyway

Even the dogs have a virtual world, in which the friends sniff each other, probably at the tail.

The virtual world always exists even when we interpret on the street the clothes of a character who does not belong to us. So the dogs created their world with the tail wagging.

If anyone has any better insights, suggest me! Good evening!

The Song -Señorita- of ‘Shawn Mendes’ and ‘Camila Cabello’ reaches 500 million views

The Senorita song can definitely be defined as a historic hit for the summer of 2019 because it reached an incredible 500 million views on youtube.

The song also broke Ariana Grande’s record in streaming, reaching 300 million in the shortest time.

The song also sent fans into raptures for the video accompanying the song, in which the two artists have a love story. Relationship then become reality! Although Shawn Mendes and Camila Cabello have not yet confirmed that they are together, few doubts remain as they have often shown themselves in tender attitudes and TMZ has also photographed a session of passionate kisses.