The Best Linux Distro [december 2019]

linux

 

 

01] Ubuntu

ubuntu_147334

It is undoubtedly the most used distro and it probably has the largest number of supporters, both in terms of code of the Operating System and in terms of use. It is suitable for those with no particular needs and is a beginner in the Linux world. But it’s also good for those who are environment veterans.

(based on Debian)

www.ubuntu.org

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02] Opensuse

opensuse_147335

Opensuse is renowned for being one of the first desktop-oriented distros and taking care of the graphic environment. Today with the advent of Ubuntu it is a little bit more complex for those who are beginners in the use of the package management system.

The distribution uses software packages in rpm format and adopts the Zypper command line program as their manager. In the graphical environment, the program for package management is YaST.

https://opensuse.org/

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03] LinuxMint

linux-mint_34950
Linux Mint is a GNU / Linux distribution for personal computers, known for its ease of use and ease of installation. It is based on Ubuntu (itself based on Debian) and uses both its own repositories and those of Ubnutu.

https://www.linuxmint.com/

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04] ArchLinux

arch-linux_58605

Arch Linux is a GNU / Linux distribution with i686 and x86-64 architecture, created by Judd Vinet according to the KISS philosophy (Keep It Simple, Stupid). Initially inspired by CRUX Linux, it is known to be light, fast, extremely scalable and adaptable to your needs. The peculiarity of this distro lies in being able to decide which packages to install, depending on your needs.

https://www.archlinux.org/

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05] Tails

tails_100064
Tails is the well-known Linux distribution that installs on a USB pen and starts it in live mode. It is renowned for surfing the web without leaving any kind of trace on the web, taking advantage of the famous TOR browser. Also on the PC it does not leave any kind of trace.

https://tails.boum.org/

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06] Fedora

fedora_82253

It is among the most well-known distros in the Linux world. The applications of this distro are distributed under opensource license and cover all sectors making it complete even at the server level. Although it is a distro that lacks nothing, the management of installation packages is less easy than that of ubuntu. The management of software packages is the job of the DNF utility (previously yum).

https://getfedora.org/

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07] Debian

debian_76906
It is the distro on which ubuntu is based and therefore have many features in common. The most substantial differences are that Debian has a much broader support community which creates numerous packages for the distro which may even be non-free. In fact, on the official website it is also possible to download the DVD version consisting of three large .iso files.

https://www.debian.org/

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08] Mageia

mageia_85261
Although it can be overshadowed by the better known Distro, it has the right to be mentioned to be the successor of Mandriva, as well as being based on it.

https://www.mageia.org/

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09] Gentoo

gentoo_60840

Gentoo (or Gentoo Linux) is a GNU / Linux distribution focused on execution speed and customization possibilities.

It is unsuitable for non-experts as it is known to be a source-based distro, ie the installation of programs is done by compiling source codes on your computer rather than by pre-compiled packages.

This close relationship with the source code makes Gentoo particularly suitable to be optimized for the hardware and configured according to the needs of the user.

https://www.gentoo.org/

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10] Korora

korora-project_85287

Korora is a Linux distro based on Fedora and at the beginning of its Gentoo-based launch.

The main objective that Korora aims to achieve is to provide a complete and user-friendly GNU / Linux operating system; in fact it includes several software not present in Fedora.

Korora is an installable Fedora Remix Live USB image which aims to provide a complete out of the box experience for new users, including support for multimedia.

https://kororaproject.org

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11] ChromeOS

chrome-os_151253

Chrome OS (or Chromium OS, referring to its open source project) is an operating system designed by Google and based on the Gentoo Linux distribution.

It is especially lightweight but can only be installed on Chromebooks. To get rid of the curiosity anyway, you can install it on a virtual machine.

https://www.chromium.org

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12] Knoppix

knoppix_10338

And the most famous of the live distros and still today boasts the title of best live distro for reliability and completeness in applications. There is also a version that can be installed on the hard disk of your PC.

www.knopper.net/

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13] PuppyLinux

puppy-linux_85248

Puppy Linux is a GNU / Linux Live CD distribution created by Barry Kauler in 2003, aimed at ease of use and limited system resource consumption: it is therefore recommended for those with old PCs.

The operating system also contains only the essential programs and weighs only about 200MB

www.puppylinux.org

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14] Slackware

slackware_81714
It is probably the most long-lived distro and the one aimed exclusively at the most experienced. Its installation, like that of all packages,
must be carried out mainly from the command line.

www.slackware.com/

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15] Elementary OS

elementary-os_83048
As the name implies, Elementary OS is a distro with the characteristic of ease of use. Another feature is its minimalism, that is the poor possibility of customizing the graphics. As installer he uses Ubiquity, while as windows manager he uses Gala, a modified version of Mutter. The operating system can be run directly by starting it in LiveCD mode (although with a loss of performance)

https://elementary.io/it/

The best software to create Bootable USB

 

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If you want to create bootable USB sticks at computer startup you may need one of the software listed below. In fact, it often happens to put the operating system on your pen and you have to extract the file archive. If you extract it normally with an archive software (winzip, 7zip, etc.) it can happen that it does not start when the PC starts up. Then you will need to extract it and install the boot files with one of the following software

 

RUFUS [WIN + MAC + LINUX]

rufus_142908.png

It is absolutely the best software to create pens and bootable usb devices. Works with windows, linux and mac. I recommend it especially for windows and mac while for linux it’s better its dedicated netbootin software

https://rufus.ie

 

UNETBOOTIN [LINUX]

unetbootin_96538

It only works for linux. The advantage of this software is that it allows you to automatically download the most common versions of Linux distros.

https://unetbootin.github.io

 

UNIVERSAL USB INSTALLER [WINDOWS]

universal-usb-installer_94974

It would be the possible alternative to RUFUS because USB universal only works on Windows. Although RUFUS is ideal you will never have the certainty that it starts as it should.

https://www.pendrivelinux.com/universal-usb-installer-easy-as-1-2-3/

 

The Best Video Player (software) for PC

BestVideoplayerPC
The Best Videoplayer for PC

01 VLC [win+linux+mac]

vlcplayer

It is by far the best video player for windows. For windows it is almost a necessity to have it installed. In addition to recognizing noisy files and having advanced video controls, it allows you to record video clips with just two clicks: by clicking on rec at the beginning and end of the instant you wish.

https://www.videolan.org/vlc/index.it.html

 

02 MPC HC

mpc-hc player

It is the best alternative to VLC. It is very light, has many functions and recognizes many video formats. It is included in the codec installation package. It is obviously present only for windows.

https://codecguide.com/download_k-lite_codec_pack_mega.htm

 

04 SMS PLAYER [win+linux+mac]

smsplayerBest

It is the best alternative to VLC after MPC. It can also be installed on MAC and LINUX. I don’t really like graphics, but it has many features and controls for the video.

https://www.smplayer.info/en/downloads

 

03 MPV [win+linux+mac]

mpvplayer

It supports a large number of video formats. It does not require installation and is very light even due to a defect: it does not have a real graphic interface but a small bar is displayed when the mouse cursor moves.

https://mpv.io/installation/

 

05 WINDOWS MEDIA PLAYER

windowsmediaplayer

After decades .. it still remains a good video player integrated into the windows

HiddenWasp: scovato un Virus per i sistemi LINUX

 

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Qualcuno rimarrà perplesso o qualcun’altro meno se non crede ai miti… perché probabilmente un po è venuto a mancare il mito di Linux che negli ultimi giorni è stato preso dall’assalto di un virus chiamato HIDDENWASP, che è in realtà è un MALWARE o meglio dire un’intera suite malevola che include un trojan, un rootkit e uno script di distribuzione.

Una società di sicurezza informatica (INTEZER) ha scoperto una nuova backdoor su sistemi Linux non rilevata da 59 sistemi antivirus. Ma purtroppo la scoperta è stata fatta con netto ritardo rispetto all’immissione sulla rete del malware che probabilmente risalirebbe all’inizio aprile; ora quindi risulterebbero decine di migliaia di sistemi già infetti senza nessuna difesa.

HIDDENWASP E’ in pratica un trojan usato per controllare in remoto i sistemi infetti e quindi può far eseguire file di sistema a totale insaputa del malcapitato. Gli autori del trojan per la sua creazione hanno usato parti di codice di altri progetti ormai open-source come Mirai, Azazel e Winnti. Sembra, peraltro, che HiddenWasp abbia diverse similitudini con alcuni malware usati dagli hacker cinesi, ma per adesso non questo non è ancora sicuro e l’attribuzione è molto complessa. Mancano, infatti, alcuni elementi essenziali come il vettore iniziale d’infezione, da cui si potrebbero estrapolare dati importanti.

Il modo in cui la minaccia è distribuito è distinto – i file vengono caricati su un indirizzo di VirusTotal contenente le stringhe di una società cinese. I dati in sé sembra essere ospitato su un server situato a Hong Kong. Ma anche la tecnica di distribuzione esatta al momento non è nota. La più probabile origine è che il malware viene scaricato da un host già compromesso utilizzando un comando di hacker o automatizzato.

Ignacio Sanmillan di INTEZER ha scritto: “I malware per Linux potrebbero introdurre nuove sfide mai viste su altre piattaforme. Il fatto che questo malware riesca a passare inosservato dovrebbe suonare come campanello d’allarme per l’industria di sicurezza, in modo che quest’ultima possa allocare maggiori sforzi e risorse per il rilevamento di queste minacce”.

Per sapare maggiori dettagli potete andare sulla pagina ufficiale dell’azienda di sicurezza che ha scovato il malware

https://www.intezer.com/blog-hiddenwasp-malware-targeting-linux-systems/